Self-anchoring category rating scales seem to fulfill this requirement, since satisfaction is also referred to in the literature as the Self-Anchoring Striving Scale . Scales by Ed Diener. Joseph Smiley Distinguished Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, University of Illinois., Source: Hadley Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Striving. negative feelings); Brief Psychological Well-Being Scale; Comprehensive Psychological Well-Being Scale; Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Striving Scale (Ladder).

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Rate each feeling on a scale from 0—did not experience at all—to 6—the feeling was extremely strong. Yesterday, did you feel tired?

Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being

Upon joining the panel, respondents complete an initial survey collecting individual socio-demographic information, work history and household composition information. The size of those coefficients suggests an almost linear relationship between income and subjective well-being measures in this income range. Would you like to have more days just like yesterday?

Which step comes closest to the way you feel? DRM surveys can include details such as the type of activity, location, presence of other individuals and experienced affect for all activities listed by a respondent in his diary, or only for a subset, e.

Work status shows the strongest effects. Journal of Consumer Affairs.

Cantril’s Self-Anchoring Ladder

Yesterday, did you feel any pain? The reference category for age consists of respondents over Factor analyses were also conducted on the common set of items, including evaluative measures not shown here. Journal of Economic Psychology.


Yesterday, did you feel pain? We also confirm prior findings Kim and Moen of a strong positive relation between being retired and subjective well-being.

The day reconstruction method. Economic growth and subjective well-being: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Perceptions, evaluations, and satisfactions vol.

Yesterday, did you feel frustrated? Did you experience loneliness during a lot of the day yesterday?

The mean time gap between waves is On the robustness of factor analysis against crude classification of the observations. Overall, how happy did you eelf-anchoring yesterday? Hispanics are less troubled according to the Gallup scale and more tired according to the HWB12 scale.

I am satisfied with my life. When evaluating the reliability of evaluative measurements over time, the SWLS displays an estimated reliability—that is, the correlation across waves—of about 0.

Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being

In their original form, the Gallup and HWB12 measures are straightforward to use, since they produce ratings of a number of affect items. In that case, experienced well-being can be described by two dimensions, one positive and one negative. Yesterday, did you go for a walk or exercise? Thus, these items include both the original items of each scale and the items that were taken from the acntril scales.

Rutgers University Press; The quality of American life: The largest loadings in absolute value in each row are shown in bold. This steiving clearly undesirable given that they all are based on the same items. The influence of chronically and temporarily accessible information on life satisfaction judgments. The ELSA response scale shows correlations ranging from 0.


While evaluative life satisfaction questions have been widely used, their meaning and research application remain a matter of debate. The Journal of Economic Perspectives. International differences in well-being. Dimensions of mental health: In order to disentangle those two effects, the next section shows the results of factor analyses when including a set of common items, which only differ in the response scales used.

Comparing the accuracy of RDD telephone and Internet surveys conducted with probability and non-probability samples.

This will apply for all combinations, i. While the DRM involves the retrospective report on an emotional state, this survey design targets accurate recall, by leading respondents to retrieve specific episodes and emotions from memory Kahneman et al.

In the two modules we fielded in the ALP, we administered four sets of evaluative self-anchoeing measures and three sets of experienced well-being measures.