Caustic ingestion can cause severe injury to the esophagus and the stomach. Alkali ingestions A STUDY OF CORROSIVE ESOPHAGITIS. Corrosive esophagitis usually occurs from accidental or suicidal ingestion of caustic substances (e.g. lye, household cleaners, bleaches, washing soda), and is. Esophagitis Secondary to Ingestion of Caustic Material. P. N. Symbas, M.D., S. E. Vlasis, B.S., and C. R. Hatcher, Jr., M.D.. ABSTRACT The records of

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For the rest of their lives, these patients may present new ulcerations followed by re-epithelialization due to small traumas provoked by food. Patients will present with rapid onset of odynophagia, chest pain, vomiting, and hematemesis.

J Am Coll Surg. This may need to be repeated and advanced slowly to achieve effective and safe dilatation. Computed tomography scan In assessing the extent and boundary of injury, computed tomography CT scan has a slightly higher diagnostic contribution than upper endoscopy.

Management of esophageal caustic injury

Mortality and morbidity of esophageal replacement in patients not responding to dilatation are low in expert hands. During the first days the ulcerations are covered with a leukocytic fibrinous layer. A massive intestinal necrotic injury represents a reasonable limit for resection. Support Center Support Center. Traditional radiology Plain chest radiography may show gas shadow in the mediastinum or below the diaphragm suggesting esophageal or gastric perforation, respectively.

Influence of epidermal csustic factor and interferon gamma on healing of oesophageal corrosive burns in the rat. Topical mitomycin C can effectively alleviate dysphagia in children with long-segment caustic esophageal strictures. A study in compared these 3 stents in patients with refractory benign esophageal stenoses.

Esophqgitis need to perform surgery for caustic injuries has a persistent long-term negative impact both on survival and functional outcome. Plastic stents are said to have lesser tissue hyperplasia but with higher rate of stent migration and lower tendency to sustain significant radial force.


Both of these stents require repeated endoscopic intervention for stent retrieval. Intralesional steroid injections for corrosive induced pyloric stenosis.

In contrast, in adults these lesions are more common in the area of compression provoked by the aortic-bronchial bifurcation and in the cardia area, which are more salient during this phase of life. The administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics is usually advised mainly if corticosteroids are initiated, as well as if lung involvement is identified[ 5357 ].

Barium contrast can be used in the chronic stage; there are single long or multiple strictures involving the middle and lower esophagus. Ingestion of caustic substances: To date, the esopjagitis of proton-pump inhibitors and H 2 blockers in minimizing esophageal injury by suppressing acid reflux has not been proven, though an impressive endoscopic healing after iv omeprazole infusion has been observed in a small prospective study[ 54 ].

Management of esophageal caustic injury

Ramasamy K, Gumaste VV. Spectrum of injury to upper gastrointestinal tract and natural history. Caustic injury of the upper gastrointestinal tract: Moreover, cost and minimal experience in caustic strictures make the use of biodegradable devices questionable, especially in developing countries. Avoidance of esophageal stricture following severe caistic burns by the use of an intraluminal stent.

October 19, First decision: The incidence of lesions of the upper esophageal third was lower in the present study than in the one cited above. It is possible that these blockers, administered as soon as the patient arrives in order to neutralize reflux, are permitting deeper lesions of the stomach, probably by neutralizing the acid of gastric juice.

The severity caustc injury depends on several aspects: Endoscopy is generally not advised 5 to 15 d after caustic ingestion due to tissue softening and friability during the healing stage.


Emerg Med Clin North Am. Near the stenosis zones, the muscle layer hypertrophies and suffers spasms, impairing the dilating treatment. Respiratory and gastrointestinal complications of caustic ingestion in children.


It has been reported 11 that 50 cc of concentrated liquid is, on average, sufficient to provoke extremely severe injuries, while an amount of cc causes severe lesions, and less than 15 cc causes lesions of medium intensity.

Polyunsaturated phosphatidylcholine lowers collagen deposition in a rat model of corrosive esophageal burn. Minimal resection followed by a planned second-look procedure is not recommended. Although no changes in caustic concentrations occurred, it can be seen that patients are ingesting progressively smaller amounts, as the incidence of suicide is decreasing.

Some patients without features of perforation at admission may later develop necrosis, perforation and massive bleeding with disastrous results. The presence of a Both an improvement in nutritional status and a sustained esophageal patency should be considered reference points for a successful dilatation.

Morbidity and mortality of caustic ingestion in rural children: If perforation is suspected, an upper gastrointestinal series using a water-soluble agent can be performed. Post-corrosive injuries of upper gastrointestinal tract. Ingestion of corrosive substances by adults. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc.

Caustic injury of the upper gastrointestinal tract: A comprehensive review

Progression to cancer of the esophagus occurred in 1. Because of this high rate of complication, prompt evaluation cannot be overemphasized in order to halt development and prevent progression of complications.

And because of its non-invasive quality, CT scan may prove to be a promising diagnostic in the early evaluation of caustic injury[ 7 ].

It has been previously demonstrated 13 that lesions provoked cwustic caustic soda are the most severe, and are more serious than those provoked by alkaline agents present in dishwashing products. Squamous carcinoma of the stomach following corrosive acid burns.