Rudras are forms and followers of the god Rudra-Shiva and make eleven of the Thirty-three gods in the Hindu pantheon. They are at times identified with the. ekadasarudra, ekadasa rudra, 11rudras, Shiva, Siva, Rudra, rudram, However the 11 Rudras worshipped in the Ekadasa Rudrabhishekam Pooja is the most. These are the 11 forms of Rudra and their mantras. These mantras are very very effective when chanted during the stationary (Stambha) period.

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Could you please give me info – texts, descriptions or images – of 11 forms of Rudra? I am artist, i need to draw and paint them, but i don’t know how they look. Thank you for asking. It is an interesting question and a tough one to answer. It needs a rather lengthy explanation; but at the end, I fear, it might leave you a bit disappointed.

There are various versions of the origin of Rudra, etymology of the term, types of Rudras, their names, attributes and their iconographic representations. It is virtually impossible to detail all the versions in a blog. One has therefore, by sheer necessity, to be very selective.

That might not please all or answer all questions. Further, the descriptions of the features of the Rudras in various texts are not uniform. And, in many cases they are incomplete too. Since the reply is fairly long; and I do not know how to upload pictures on the Comments page, I am posting this as a blog. I trust you will read it to its end. The earliest mentions of Rudra occur in the Rig Veda, where three entire hymns are devoted to him.

Rig Veda mentions a set of thirty-three deities. According to Yaska-charya, the thirty-three gods are divided equally in three different planes of existence namely the celestial plane dyuloka the intermediate region antarikshaloka and the terrestrial region bhurloka each plane having eleven gods.

There is however a slight variation among the different traditions in naming the thirty-three deities. He goes on to explain: These are the Rudras. In Rig Veda, Rudra is one of the intermediate level gods antariksha devata. He is endowed with strong arms, lustrous body decorated with ornaments and having flowing golden hair. Rudra is a divinity of the subtle world, the sphere of space, the mid sphere between the earth and the Sun Rig Veda 5. Rudra is thus a deity of the intermediate stage.

Rudra is the intermediary between physical elements and the intellect, between the spheres of earth and the Sun. Rudra the howling one as a divinity associated with winds represents life-breath prana-vayu. Rudra is thus the principles of life.

Rudra the howler or the red one is the cause of tears, because: Rudra is also regarded as the best physician – bhishaja shiromani-Vaidyanatha RV 2.


He is said to have healing remedies RV 1. He is asked not to afflict children, men and cattle with disease RV 7. He is “fierce like a formidable wild beast” RV 2. He is not purely benefic like other Rig Vedic gods, but he is not malevolent either. Rudra is thus regarded with a kind of cringing fear and respect.

He punishes and at the same time he rescues his devotees from trouble. He is also Shiva the auspicious one. He is known for his wealth. He is also associated with Aditya sun and Agni. He is addressed as the thousand-eyed one saharaksha holding thunderbolts.

He is associated with the dramatic fierceness of the thunderstorm and lightening which strike at men and cattle, but which through the rain brings forth peace and plenty.

They are the deities who bring havoc, associated with the atmosphere The Maruts immortals are described as restless ekzdasa of gudra young ekadasz, transporting in space the hordes young warriors called maryus mortals.

Maruts are war-minded close knit bunch of exuberant youth. They dwell in the North. Riding on the whirlwinds, singing loudly, they direct the storms. Clad in rain, they spread rain, pushing away storm. When they move the mountains tremble and trees fall RV 1. Often brutal, though usually good humoured, they are feared by everyone. The number of Maruts varies.

They are a group of gods, supposed to number usually either eleven or thirty-three.

The Rig Veda speaks of them as twenty-one RV 1. The Rig Veda sings the glory and splendour of the Rudra: In Rig Veda, as it is often said, the term Shiva occurs eighteen times. Shiva, in Rig Veda, is not the name of any god. It is a quality found in many gods. Rudra, on the other hand, is not merely the proper name of a deity; but it also is one that refers to a collection of Rudras. Even among his collective forms, he has twin aspects: Rudra is also benevolent; he is wealthy; he reassures the frightened ones and cures deceases.

Oh, the devoted to the devotees, always travelling in the chariot, ever young, fierce like the lion, vanquisher of the enemies, May the devotees pray to you. May you make us happy. May your armies fight against the enemies and be merciful towards us. There is none that matches him in strength. He is the Ishana the Master of the world; he is the father of worlds Bhuvanasya pitaram. He commands men and entrusts tasks. He sets things in motion and makes flow like a river.

He is medhaviintelligent and the compassionate one. He is praised as midvahfor his generosity. As he is an auspicious one, he is called Shiva.


eoadasa Stomam vo adya rudraya shikvase. Yebhih Shivah svavam yevayabhihi Divaha sishakti svayasha nikamabhihi. Vajaseniya samhita also identified Shiva with Rudra tam Shiva namasi. Patanjali in Mahabashya also mentions icons of Shiva along with those of Skanda and Visakha. By the time of the Puranas, Rudra came to be completely equated with Shiva who is one of the Trinity and is represented as the destroyer. He is also an aspect of Shiva the Lord of the universe, the cosmic dancer, the Supreme yogi and master of all yogis.

In the Shata-rudriyaor rudda hundred names of Rudra, or the famous Namaka hymn of Rudra Prashna found in the Vajasaneyi samhita of Yajurveda: Rudra is thus all pervading and fudra in every aspect of creation- moving and non-moving; conscient or sub-conscient. Rudra bestows upon us the magnificence of his nature. The myths and legends that allege the origin of the Rudra abound. There are a variety of stories. I do not propose to discuss them here.

Ekadasa Rudra (11 Rudra Avatars)

Suffice it to say, all those legends have in common the Shiva, anger, howling or crying out loud. The etymology of the word Rudra is interpreted variously; and at times is confusing.

Its etymology has taken scholars into all sorts of wild chase. Rudra in Rig-Veda is a god of the storm, the wind, and the hunt.

His distinctive characteristics are his fierce weapons and his medicinal powers. Rudra is sometimes identified with the god of fire-Agni. The Rudras are said to be truly infinite shatam anantam bhavati, asankhyakam. They are present everywhere, manifest in millions of forms in as many abodes; and influence every aspect of creation sahasrani sahasrasho ye rudra adhi bhumyam They are immanent within us. They are the protectors of the beings and the created world; the decay and destruction sets in when they refuse to support.

Pray therefore to the Rudras for protection and benevolence; and rudar alleviate our ekaeasa.

Ekadasa Rudra | sreenivasarao’s blogs

Shata rudriyam- Rudra rurda. However, each tradition, each text has its own set ekadaas eleven Rudras, according to its priorities. Their names and attributes differ from one text to another. There is thus, virtually, a plethora of Rudras. But, each of them represents a certain aspect of Shiva or Rudra. The following are some instances of the names of the eleven Rudras according to different authorities: Shatarudriya hymns celebrates Rudra in his eleven forms as: Rupa-mandana a text of Shilpa sastra: Visvakarma Shilpa a text of Shilpa sastra: