Inanga. Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns, ). PDF Version. S.C. Moore. Every New Zealander knows what whitebait are, and most have probably eaten a fritter or. Learn more about the Inanga – with amazing Inanga photos and facts on Arkive. Description. Small, sleek and slender, with a small head and large eyes. Back amber to olive with a profusion of greenish-grey spots and speckles, and a bright .

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Male fish then release sperm into the water and the eggs are fertilised externally. The juveniles form large shoals as they move through estuaries.

They tend to be found in lower-elevation streams as unlike other species of Galaxias they cannot climb past waterfalls. Cite this page as: Adult inanga are the smallest of the five whitebait species, rarely exceeding mm in length. Freshwater fishes of Australia. Also known as Common galaxias, common jollytail, cowfish, spotted minnow, whitebait.

Medium, minimum population doubling time 1. Their specific name maculatus “spotted” comes from the pattern of dark-mottled, leopard-like spots on an olive-brown background along their upper bodies.

Galaxias maculatus

Biology The sexes are separate and fertilisation is external. Newly hatched larvae spend their maculatua months at sea before returning to fresh shoals of whitebait during spring. You can sponsor this page. Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox.


Galaxias maculatus

Share on Facebook Tweet Send email. Exclusion of livestock and fencing of the bank-side vegetation is also an effective method to encourage regrowth of suitable vegetation. Following metamorphosis, adult spend around 6 months in fresh water, where they gain sufficient growth and energy to begin investing in reproduction. Galaxiid species are, in general, threatened by human activities such as intensive agriculture and land change use.

Occur in a wide variety of habitat, but mostly in still or slow-flowing waters, mainly in streams, rivers and lakes within a short distance of the sea. A ‘boom bust’ strategy whereby spawning occurs in one event and is followed by death, semelparityor spawning over maculatua events before death iteroparity.

This is the same diet as introduced troutwhich not only compete for food, but also readily eat them. It occurs on Falkland Islands. Eggs develop out of water for two weeks and hatch upon the arrival of the next spring tide. Adults are mainly found in still or slow-moving water in the lower parts of coastal streams and rivers, or around the edges of lagoons; they can tolerate a wide range of natural conditions.

This species is usually considered amphidromousa particular type of diadromy meaning that reproduction occurs in fresh water and larval growth occurs in the sea. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Hatching takes place when a second series of high tides again wash over the eggs. This type of spawning is called polygynandry. Amphidromous – marine larvae. The sexes are separate and fertilisation is external. Their silvery belly and somewhat forked tail make them easy to distinguish from the other galaxiids except for their close relative the dwarf inanga, a species restricted to some dune lakes near Dargaville.


After hatching, the larvae about 7 mm long are washed out to sea and develop in the open ocean for about six months. The role of olfaction in the avoidance of native versus non-native predators by recruits of the common galaxiid, Galaxias maculatus.

Species Citation Mesites maculatus JenynsZool. Smelt frequent similar habitat to inanga and can be confused with them. Males generally reach sexual maturity earlier and at a smaller size than females.

Fins thin, membranous, caudal fin emarginate to slightly forked, anal fin origin directly below dorsal fin origin. Jump to Navigation Skip to main content.

Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: Mesites maculatus JenynsZool. Freshwater fishes of Australia. This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat Retrieved 29 May These are digenean flatworms.

In areas where trout have become naturalised, common galaxias are scarce.