Alexander Gerschenkron was a Ukrainian-born American economic . In , Gerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, a cornerstone of his career, and of. C. P. KINDLEBERGER. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By A. GERSCHENKRON. Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

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Should one engage in significant land reform? A Book of Essays. There were no equivalent stages of economic growth in all participants. It was just as the computer was evolving and econometrics was undergoing rapid advance.

The essay gave its name to his volume of essays published by Harvard University Press in Gerschenkron kept his former political affiliations a secret after he was able to immigrate to the United States. Should one attack the inequality of income and poverty by imposing greater burdens upon the domestic rich and foreign investors?

Many of the essays are still worth reading. The course was just the introduction.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

Even the recent pause, requiring massive assistance from the IMF and extensive domestic restructuring, has come off with barely a temporary decline. Gerschenkron was born in Historocal into an elite family of the Russian intelligentsia.

Elements of modernity and backwardness could survive side by side, and did, in a systematic fashion. And he wrote, in long nights of private work, what proved to be his single piece of greatest length, Bread and Democracy in Germanypublished in Berkeley: American people of Russian-Jewish descent Austrian School economists Development economists Economic historians Jewish American historians Guggenheim Fellows Harvard University faculty births deaths 20th-century historians 20th-century American economists Distinguished Fellows of the American Economic Association.

With a monopoly in place, the government could set a price policy, which would force a number of farmers to discontinue grain production hietorical the market and eventually carry out the needed adjustment of high cost agriculture to the international market conditions.


Understanding Economic Backwardness His present reputation comes instead from gerscheknron dedication to European economic history. That accounted for its earlier histirical, where the conditional nature of its predictions contrasted strongly with its Marxist and Rostovian alternatives. Gerschenkron understands that the establishment of democracy in Germany depends on numerous factors, and in his book he specifically deals with one aspect of the problem, the position of the Junkers and the agricultural policy in its relation to democracy.

Review of Economics and Statistics. But it began equivocally. Please read our Copyright Information page for important copyright information. There ideas for dissertations were un and quantitative techniques evaluated.

Alexander Gerschenkron

Those specific cases, in turn, bolstered his advocacy of a comparative, all-encompassing European structure. But his performance at the gymnasium was not going well, until he encountered his future wife, Erica. In a notable Rand study inA Dollar Index of Soviet Machinery Output, tohe showed that the remarkably high rates of growth of Soviet industrial production owed itself to the index number bias: Apparently disadvantageous initial conditions of access to capital could be overcome through new institutional arrangements.

Many of his students went on to have productive careers, and a good number of them have attained presidency of the Economic History Association. Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. His seminar then, and the availability of fellowship support, attracted several Harvard students, and even some from neighboring MIT, to work in the field.

His course required two major dissertation papers and a final exam. First, in the s came the students who worked upon the Soviet Union. His third great contribution came through his students.

Gerschenkron did not define economic backwardness but alluded to related factors: Gercshenkron, the more coercive and comprehensive were the measures required to reduce domestic consumption and allow national saving.


Sign In or Create an Account. Gerschenkron kept to his Russian roots—in his economics, history and as a critic of Russian literature. The Gerschenkron effect arises because of the negative correlation between prices and volumes.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays

His early professional career is not recorded in autobiography as was his first 20 years. Additionally, one can record that a goodly number of them have also attained presidency of the Economic History Association. In his own writings, his references were varied, and consciously intended to impress: You could not be signed in.

University of California Press. He worked for the firm for three year, but then decided to commit himself to politics, in particular the Social Democrats. They also obtained a father figure whom they desperately sought to imitate in their own scholarship and subsequent teaching.

At least Berkeley provided a place for him to return, as he did in September As the contemporary world continues to confront the problem of inadequate development, particularly over the last twenty years in Latin America and Africa, that special magic of nineteenth century backwardness stimulates greater appeal, and greater hope.

Retrieved 16 April They eventually settled in ViennaAustria. Gerschenkron himself frequently knew little of the economic theory or statistical techniques proposed. His early life was eventful.

Charles Gulicka professor at the University of California, Berkeleyinvited Gerschenkron to be his research assistant. In he worked with the Federal Reserve in the Research and Statistics department. Citing articles via Google Scholar. His present reputation comes instead from his dedication to European economic history. I summarize it here in four hypotheses:. He was an extraordinary scholar and personas his biography fully details.