John Philoponus, a Christian philosopher, scientist, and theologian who lived approximately from to CE, is also known as John the. John Philoponus(b. Caesarea [?], late fifth century; d. Alexandria, second half of sixth century)philosophy, of what is known about Philoponus is. PHILOPONUS, JOHN(–) John Philoponus of Alexandria, a sixth-century philosopher and theologian, is best known for his radical attempts to refute.

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John Philoponus

Indeed, by rigorously applying the Aristotelian definition of substance to the problem of the trinity, Philoponus developed a theology that his opponents would brand Tritheism the Godhead contains three individual substances for which he was anathematized from the church about a century after his death in Options 1 filter applied. Johhn is critical of Aristotle’s conception of space. Portions of his writings have been translated on the internet. According to Aristotle, movement is not possible without a definite medium in which it can take place; thus, statements on the movement of bodies must always be related to a certain medium.

CEbut Philoponus nowhere intimates that he was influenced by any one of them. De Opificio Mundi, ed. Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. A theological-philosophical commentary on the Creation story in the book of Genesis.

The black ink of a cuttlefish, he said, will overpower the whiteness of milk; but the black of a piece of ebony, when put into the milk, will not affect its color because of its lack of fitness. Many Christians from birth both before and after Philoponus were similarly exposed to pagan philosophy without reacting in a comparable way.


He introduced a new period of scientific thought based heavily on philopons premises: For each generation, e. Secondary Sources Couvalis, G. Edited by Heinrich Hase. Here are some sources to begin your search: In the sixteenth century, the first editions as well as numerous translations into Latin of the commentaries and the treatise against Proclus began to appear in print.

To some extent, this is true, but philoonus, his contemporaries must have taken a different view. The argument goes roughly as follows: The different colors of stars are owing to differences of composition, he said, drawing his analogy from the differences in colors we see when we burn various substances on earth.

John Philoponus – Bibliography – PhilPapers

He was the first to suggest dropping balls of unequal weight from a tower. On the Use and Construction of the Astrolabe, ed.

Berlin, ; In De anima, M. On the Eternity of the World against Aristotle De aeternitate mundi contra Aristotelemnot extant; fragments reconstr. Different planets rotate around the earth at different rates and so there has been one actual infinite number of rotations for Jupiter and another for Mars, an early instance of cardinal numeration of infinites.

The fourth, fifth, and sixth chapters investigate how, and with what consistency, each of the commentators views each of the three phlloponus of quantity, relatives, and quality as the building blocks of the sensible world.


Likewise, the most fundamental level of physical reality is not some mysterious prime matter but three-dimensional, indeterminate, and unqualified corporeal extensiona concept reminiscent of Descartes’s res extensa. Untersuchungen zum Ursprung der klassischen Mechanik. IV 4 ; Philoponus replies that place ought instead to be conceived as the three-dimensional extension phillponus to the determinate size of the given body, i.

John Philoponus (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

In several places, especially when he has to comment on the nature and movement of the heavens, Philoponus breaks off and refers the student to previously published work: See also Aristotelianism ; Bonaventure, St.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

On the other hand, it may well be that the socalled natural motion upward has a similar cause, if there happens to be an empty space in the upper region. A refutation of Aristotle’s doctrines of the fifth element and the eternity of motion and time consisting of at least eight books.

That needs to change. Instead, the reference must be to the particular nature of the divine Logos and the particular nature of Jesus the man: